Callus under the ball of the 2nd and/or third toe joint

The excessive pronation experienced by many people can also cause stabilising muscles to weaken. This can reduce the stability of the online casino in canada big toe joint and indeed the whole foot.

The 2nd and/or third toe joint now not only have to bear more load, they also move across the skin causing a shearing effect between the bones and the shoe or ground.

Hard skin will result.

The Solution?


  1. Excessive pronation can also be caused by a weakness in the buttock area causing the whole leg to rotate inward.
  2. A regime of strengthening around the hip area can help stabilise the foot and assist the stabilising muscles in the lower limb.
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